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Refrigerator Frigidaire Kitchen Appliances Door Ice Water

Refrigerator Frigidaire

Frigidaire 260 Cu Ft Side-by-Side Refrigerator with Thru-the-Door Ice and Water – Silver Mist

Refrigerator FrigidaireRefrigerator Frigidaire. Frigidaire began existence called the Guardian Refrigerator Co that had been began in 1915 by a assembly of business men and an technician named Alfred Mellowes from Fort Wayne in Indiana. Alfred just spent that preceding year toiling on making a fridge in his wasing building and made that original self controlled entity. This refrigerator had been more alike these days as it contained a compressor bolted permanently in the foundation of this apparatus, not like each preceding apparatus that contained a different cold box and a refrigerator element which would be next fixed to it. The plant they established up manuel built them fridges and this used up 2 weeks for every apparatus and they would be quickly in serious economic worry. It is thought to be where in a 2 year cycle simply a measly forty apparatus would be made and this company would be more than $30,000 in losses.General autos got involved in and aquired this company in 1919 and altered its label to Frigidaire and setting going on for adapting their awareness of designing building to creating refrigerators at a place in Detroit. This resulted in having been able to rapidly produce a top class creation at a inexpensive fee and by September this year they contained refrigerators designed for trade in the shops. In 1920 after each off the patents in support of this make obtained this company reformed as the Frigidaire Corporation. In 1922 manufacturing would be shifted to Dayton in Ohio sharing a plant with a sub company of General Electric which made electric generators. By 1927 this refrigerator organization had been growing so good that it would be made a separate subsidiary of GE taking its personal manager Elmer G Biechler and advanced to a great intention made place in Moraine in Ohio. Production of various refrigerator lines would be furthermore produced with drinks coolers, ice cream makers, cooled show off cabinets and cold drink fountain apparatus having been built and in 1930 air coolers and food freezers would be on offer for this earliest time. Another achievement in this company past would be this finish of that one millionth refrigerator in that same year. The 1930s seen dual main modern weighty technical breakthroughs and these would be the creation of a completely new-found chemical they named Freon and the appearance of a much better solid compressor named the Meter Miser.

Frigidaire would be one of merely a a small amount of factories which in fact was able to expand and profit all through that depression venturing on to various domestic machines such as washing machines, dryers, ranges and fires. Just previous to the outburst of World War II approximately 20,000 men and women would be used by the Frigidaire company that furthermore at this period contained the leading refrigerator plant in this planet. The fighting stopped all this as manufacturing would be altered to the fighting effort by building Browning machine guns and different plane items.

Frigidaire would be one of 9 factories in America which would be let to begin manufacturing once more of their brand name lines previous to the finish of this fighting. This let this company to come up with refrigerators made again by June 1945 and built to 1 million every year by 1949. By this period this company had added auto air conditioning, dishwashers and garbage disposals to its still incredible range of items.Growth and accomplishment kept going up to in the seventies as the competition and price of manufacturing made GE seperate with Frigidaire selling it to Fair Consolidated Industries whom reserved the label and continue to yield the Frigidaire series of domestic machines.
Refrigerator Frigidaire

Refrigerator Frigidaire. Frigidaire began existence called the Guardian Refrigerator Co that had been began in 1915 by a assembly of business men and an technician named Alfred Mellowes from Fort Wayne in Indiana. Alfred just spent that preceding year toiling on making a fridge in his wasing building and made that original self controlled entity. This refrigerator had been more alike these days as it contained a compressor bolted permanently in the foundation of this apparatus, not like each preceding apparatus that contained a different cold box and a refrigerator element which would be next fixed to it. The plant they established up manuel built them fridges and this used up 2 weeks for every apparatus and they would be quickly in serious economic worry. It is thought to be where in a 2 year cycle simply a measly forty apparatus would be made and this company would be more than $30,000 in losses.

General autos got involved in and aquired this company in 1919 and altered its label to Frigidaire and setting going on for adapting their awareness of designing building to creating refrigerators at a place in Detroit. This resulted in having been able to rapidly produce a top class creation at a inexpensive fee and by September this year they contained refrigerators designed for trade in the shops. In 1920 after each off the patents in support of this make obtained this company reformed as the Frigidaire Corporation. In 1922 manufacturing would be shifted to Dayton in Ohio sharing a plant with a sub company of General Electric which made electric generators. By 1927 this refrigerator organization had been growing so good that it would be made a separate subsidiary of GE taking its personal manager Elmer G Biechler and advanced to a great intention made place in Moraine in Ohio. Production of various refrigerator lines would be furthermore produced with drinks coolers, ice cream makers, cooled show off cabinets and cold drink fountain apparatus having been built and in 1930 air coolers and food freezers would be on offer for this earliest time. Another achievement in this company past would be this finish of that one millionth refrigerator in that same year.

The 1930s seen dual main modern weighty technical breakthroughs and these would be the creation of a completely new-found chemical they named Freon and the appearance of a much better solid compressor named the Meter Miser. Frigidaire would be one of merely a a small amount of factories which in fact was able to expand and profit all through that depression venturing on to various domestic machines such as washing machines, dryers, ranges and fires. Just previous to the outburst of World War II approximately 20,000 men and women would be used by the Frigidaire company that furthermore at this period contained the leading refrigerator plant in this planet.

The fighting stopped all this as manufacturing would be altered to the fighting effort by building Browning machine guns and different plane items. Frigidaire would be one of 9 factories in America which would be let to begin manufacturing once more of their brand name lines previous to the finish of this fighting. This let this company to come up with refrigerators made again by June 1945 and built to 1 million every year by 1949. By this period this company had added auto air conditioning, dishwashers and garbage disposals to its still incredible range of items.

Growth and accomplishment kept going up to in the seventies as the competition and price of manufacturing made GE seperate with Frigidaire selling it to Fair Consolidated Industries whom reserved the label and continue to yield the Frigidaire series of domestic machines.

Kids in the house? No need to worry; this refrigerator’s SpillSafe glass shelves contain messes and are easily cleaned, so you won’t have to worry about a spill from the top shelf ruining everything below.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Computers & Technology | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Addiction and Profits in the Land of Casual Gaming

It’s the newest buzzword: Micro-transactions. What does it mean? Money. Who are corporations, social networking sites, and your average feeder in-between getting this money from?

The answer is “casual gamers”. What is a casual gamer? These are the people who play mini-games, or games which focus on a few tasks. They won’t go out to the video game store, and invest in the latest console.

They will, however spend hours on games like Farmville, Vampire Wars, or Mafia Wars, in between frequent checks on the status updates of friends. I know, because I have often made fun of my wife for checking her pies in Cafe Ville, Farm Kitchen, Pie wars, or whatever they call it.

How are corporations extracting this money, from people who are playing “free” games? It’s very simple: Leveling and doing tasks in these games takes a long time, lot’s of dedication. But, you can grease the skids a little, through buying various tokens, trinkets, and special items, with real money.

How much? Well, I joined a “casual game” recently, over at Kongregate. And I should really stop complaining about how much time my wife spends on Cafe World. Really. These little games are addictive, because they were built to be so.

They are Pavlovian in their reinforcement. Lots of little, meaningless rewards that reinforce your behavior are immediately available upon completing some equally meaningless task. The need to acquire money, grow your empire larger, make that stat kick up a tick: Those factors are all there in abundance.

The worst problem is, even though you are aware of the problem’s existence, you are helpless to do anything about it. You must grow, or stagnate. There is always something that you could do, to incrementally boost your progress. It is a demand on your potential, as a human being…not to fail, walk away, or outright quit.

It is this demand, and the sense of community, built into some of these games that keeps you involved. Peer pressure and a need to achieve are two of the largest pressures in anyone’s life. These games do a masterful job of applying these psychological forces, in a devastating and paralyzing manner.

It’s no wonder that Zynga (the maker of Farmville, Mafia Wars, Cafe World, etc.) was recently valued at close to 3 Billion dollars. You heard me correctly. The monies they are making when people spend $5 here, and $10 there, add up to massive revenues.

Addiction is a major problem for many of the highly ranked players, and whenever the big boys level up, they add more features, increasing the chances that players will stay addicted to the game.

How “casual” can gaming be, if you have a large population of addicts? And when will start to see game addiction counseling become a major offering? That was once the domain of hard-core gamers like World of Warcraft players, or those who played a little too much Halo. Now, it may be Grandma Meg that needs an intervention.

The question remains to be asked, in fact, it is begging to be asked: Will future games be banned, because of their addictive nature? You may scoff at this, but I predict lawsuits in the near future, claiming that people just couldn’t keep from spending money, or questing, or even getting that last meaningless badge.

Will we one day regulate these games, based on their level of engagement? They are regulating gore in Australia, why not something that gives you a compulsion, to buy, quest, or save?

Or, will people eventually tired of these games, and move onto something else? It’s unlikely , but…hold on, I have to level, and add a few buffs to my character. Back in five, I promise…

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Games | , , , , | Leave a comment

Parking Games

The genre of parking games encompasses a large assortment of games, ranging from slow-paced puzzle games to reflex-testing timed games. In the most basic puzzle-based type, this is an relatively classic type of game. It can be traced back to old-fashioned slider puzzles like “Traffic Jam” and “Gridlock”, in which your task is to move blocks, or vehicles around until you get the vehicle to the target position. The modern variations vary from faithful implementations of these puzzles to what amount to scaled-down driving simulations.

In these puzzle-type parking games, as mentioned above, the goal is to figure out the sequence of moves required to get from the start to the end. Sometimes you will have multiple vehicles that need to be moved. It may be timed, either to set a limit on the time required to figure out the puzzle, or simply as a means of providing some measure of achievement more than simply completing the level. The level of realness can vary as well: Several games in this category are fairly accurate copies of the old block-and-slider games, while several involve a more realistic space for the player to travel in with more possible directions of movement. For the most part, in these puzzle-type car parking games, the player is in absolute control of what happens: the surroundings is static, and the main goal of the player is figure out the best sequence of movements to manipulate it.

In contrast, the other end of the spectrum consists of games in which the environment is not static, and the goal of the player is to respond to it. The original goal remains the same: get from some place to another. But now the goal is to respond to obstacles that show up along the way—generally other vehicles. These are frequently much more based on quick reaction time on the player’s part, and planning at the beginning of the level are typically less useful. The key emphasis is on the player’s ability to respond to either random or timed obstacles.

From the standpoint of a developer, the core mechanic of car parking games gives a lot of room for tweaking side-mechanics and themes. For example, one entrant into the field involves moving snow to a target with a plow while avoiding parked cars. Likewise, levels can a great deal be automatically generated pretty successfully, generating tremendous replay value. It is also ordinarily reasonably obvious what will make a difficult level and what will make a simple one, allowing for simple fine-tune of the difficulty level.

From the point of view of a player, parking games typically fall into the category of “difficult to master, easy to learn.” Usually the primary goal and mechanics of a parking game are fairly intuitive, but a well-designed one can continue ramping up the difficulty level as well as tossing new curve balls at the player. As well, the range of games from puzzle-based to twitch-based means that parking games as a genre can appeal to a large range of casual and not-so-casual gamers.

Parking games are a somewhat new category of games, and there’s plenty of unexplored territory. Happy gaming!

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Computers & Technology, Games | , , , | Leave a comment

The Laws of Attraction Are Mysterious and Uncontrollable

Some crushes are inappropriate but excusable. For example, you may find yourself doing a double take when someone from the sales department walks past. He may be cute but it’s not a good idea to admit you have a thing for him, because you work with him. And because he’s a salesman.

Still, at least he’s hot. What happens when you find yourself going weak in the head for somebody who really is not in the slightest bit nice to look at?

Funny Guys

It’s vaguely understandable when the object of your crush is attractive in other ways – for example, he could be funny. Take American talk-show host Conan O’Brien. (I would.) He looks a bit like Tilda Swinton, only more unsettling. He has ginger hair. He has no discernible eyebrows. He’s about nine feet tall and can’t weigh more than 65kg. But every time he gives the double thumbs up, grins into the camera and says ‘Buddy boy,’ I want to jump his bones. Funny is so sexy that it can make up for there being no actual sexy present at all.

That’s why I’d happily do Michael Cera or Seth Rogen. Or Steve Carell or Vince Vaughn, spare tyre and all – though – if you needed glasses but didn’t have them on, you could justifiably think those two fairly good-looking.

Right, so we can like men because they make us laugh, but that doesn’t explain it all the way. It’s not as though the world is short of sexy men who are also funny. Remember Brad Pitt in Snatch? Hysterical. Jimmy Fallen is adorable and one of the funniest men on screen. But, given the choice, I think I’d rather sleep with Jack Black. I think it’s the chubby cheeks.

Nerds

One step away from the funny-looking funny guy is the funny-looking clever guy. Cathy, is into Barack Obama. Who isn’t? But if you take away the power and the stage lights, what you’re left with is a sexy voice stuck in a stick figure with big feet and crazy ears.

Still, Obama is an extremely glamorous nerd, and he does have that smile, the one that could probably charm even Julius Malema into submission. Obama is also cool. Cool goes a long way. That’s how men such as Billy Bob Thornton and Slash – get my sexiness vote.

My own nerd crush is not cool. If I ever saw Jarvis Cocker walking in the street, I would immediately delete all the Blur songs off my iPod and run over to accost him. I might break a bone, but I’d do it anyway. I don’t know why. I can’t explain it.

Crusty Old Men

Which takes us another step further, into the category of just plain inexplicable. These are the really inappropriate crushes, because they seem not to have any redeeming features at all. Or, if they do, they are not enough to cancel out all the scary features. And yet these men are sexy. I’m not the only one who thinks so – just look online.

Did you sense that I was procrastinating a bit in the last paragraph? I was, because I keep cringing at the thought of typing what I need to type next. Okay, I’ll be brave. Here goes: Gordon Brown. I would totally do Gordon Brown. I expect it would take years of therapy to discover why.

Some people believe power can make a man sexier. In some ways they’re right. It might be because charismatic people are often the ones who end up holding power, and charisma is sexy. Someone I know once met red-faced, puffy-nosed Bill Clinton – just after the Monica Lewinsky thing – and described him as ‘sex on wheels’.

But the thing is, Gordon Brown doesn’t even really have power on his side. He’s one of the least popular prime ministers in British history. He’s not funny; he looks like he doesn’t brush his teeth; he has a freakier smile than Dracula.

At least Jeremy Clarkson, my number-one ‘older’ crush, is less embarrassing than Mr. Brown. He’s crusty and flabby, and his habit of wearing jeans that sag around the bum has been blamed by some for the decline in denim sales during the ’90s.

But he’s also opinionated and clever and funny. And politically incorrect and often inappropriate. Like my crush on him.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Off Topig, Sexuality | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Having Sex When You Have a Yeast Infection

When most of us think of a yeast infection, we think of it in connection with women. However, the Candida albicans fungus (yeast) can cause infections in anyone of either gender, because it is present in all of our bodies. This will come as an unwelcome surprise to men, but hang on, because it gets worse. Guys, when you have sex with a woman who has yeast infection, she can easily pass it on to you.

Due to the specific hormones women have, they are more susceptible to yeast infections. Usually when a woman has an infection she will experience all of the uncomfortable symptoms that tell her what’s going on. She’ll know when it’s necessary to take more precautions in having sex. However, there are times when she may experience such mild symptoms that she’s unaware she even has a problem, so she can pass the infection on to a man without knowing it.

Most men don’t even think about being concerned over getting a yeast infection, but it can happen. In fact, yeast infections of the penis are very common and seldom cause any symptoms in otherwise healthy men. During an active yeast infection in either partner, it is safer to avoid sex altogether. This practice will not only ensure that the infection won’t be passed on, but it will also avoid more irritation which will make the condition last longer.

In order to know if you have a yeast infection, it will help if you know the symptoms. In women the most common symptoms are irritation, itching, redness, swelling, burning, and a whitish-grey discharge that has the consistency of cheese as well as a smell much like yeast or beer.

Men who are infected will show redness, irritation, and possibly white spots on the end of the penis. There may also be a white to yellow discharge present. It could be that after he has intercourse his penis will be sore. The better your overall health is, though, the milder the symptoms you’ll experience.

Both men and women should see a physician if they are concerned that they might have yeast infection. Your doctor will be able to confirm the diagnosis and make suggestions for effective treatments. There are numerous prescription, over-the-counter and natural remedies for treating yeast infection available.

If one partner in a sexual relationship has yeast infection, both partners should get diagnosed and treated. Otherwise, the person who was treated and is now symptom-free will run the risk of getting it back from their untreated partner every time they have sex.

Yeast infections can be a nuisance and wreak havoc with your sex life, but with proper treatment and precautions, soon you’ll both be healed up and back in action.

It is very important that you let your partner know of the risks involved. Sharing a tender moment is great, sharing an infection is not. Learn the facts and learn more about what options are available to you.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | News and Society, Sexuality | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Courier Delivery Services For International Shipping

First there were the pigeons, followed by the runners and then came the postman and now we have the courier delivery. All of them are different forms of transportation of documents as also articles from one place to another, from one person to another. While the pigeons and the runners were restricted to delivery within short distances, this was broken with the postal system and the courier which resorts to International Shipping for delivery of documents and articles.

Trade and business flourished with times, necessitating means for movement of business documents and articles across countries. Technology too advanced with time and this led to better means of transportation, not only of human beings but also of allied services like that of the postal related services. The postal service served the purpose of transporting documents and articles across nations using modern methods of shipping like the airway and the shipping lines. However, there were a few intrinsic drawbacks noticed in this system.

While postal departments were good enough for sending and receiving documents and items in one’s own country, when it came to cross border cases they faced the problem of differing rules and regulations. No two nations ever follow the same or uniform set of rules and regulations and the same is applicable to the government postal services.

A document or article reaching a destination port of another country faced procedural problems on clearance of the document or article. While a simple envelope with applicable stamp affixed may pass easily on to its correct recipient, the same may not hold true when the package contains articles. For business class, especially, such sorts of packages are common place.

Not only is it difficult for the individual parties, both sender and recipient, to settle out these procedural issues for clearing the package, on many an occasion there have been complete loss of the package all together. Not only delay in time but also financial loss was, therefore, accrued by individuals of both parties.

This gave rise to private entrepreneurs entering into this line of business. Courier delivery services, as they are called, sprouted up across nations filling in this gap which existed in the postal services.

Speed, accountability and ability to be tracked were the primary agenda of each courier delivery service providers. Along with that they added security of the package by adding an optional insurance factor of the articles contained within the package.

Being private operators these courier companies set up branches that are linked to each other across the sea and nations. International Shipping of documents and packages took a new turn with their entry into this business. The main office situated in one country had overall control of operations of its branches established in other countries.

Linking of packages sent by one of its branch in a particular country was easy to trace and clear by the agents of the same courier company in the destination country. The trend slowly changed to door to door collection and delivery. The courier company sends agents to the prospective client’s doorstep to collect the package and then ensures delivery at the doorstep of the intended recipient as indicated by the sender.

Courier companies can be seen to perform International Shipping of packages as a service of premium value. Their charges are, therefore accordingly, higher than normal postal delivery charges. For the advantages that are accrued from resorting to courier service for International Shipment of packages, this higher charge can be considered worth commensurate.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Business | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Methanol Economy, From the Backstage

A new type of energy use, often are not found in other energy has been “exhausted” in the beginning only. This is a rule, is the History of energy use.Alibaba methanol net offer of such a group: April 18, 2010, the domestic methanol prices, Fuxin 4,000 yuan per ton, 3,500 yuan per ton in Shandong, Jinan, Guangzhou City in Guangdong is only 2,500 yuan per ton. If you read this group of methanol to lay quotations may be read “Double Dutch” indistinguishable, as in China, North and South regions as different things, different levels of economic development, methanol offer vary greatly. Some experts said that, like methanol and other types of energy, the price is follow the market, the price changes, just illustrating the concept of new energy demand is not the same. But the real concern is not the price of methanol, but methanol as a kind of new energy, and its roles. Statistics show that alcohol has a market economy from the “shadow” reached the “front stage.” Methanol economy, has become one of China’s energy economy, more and more beautiful scenery.

From the energy point of view, the history of mankind in the most “hard” period. This is so, is based less and less pressure on fossil fuels, based on human beings have to strive for a sustainable new energy pressure. Is not it, all renewable energy sources including biomass, geothermal energy, have gradually entered the field of vision of human energy consumption, and even some have become alternative energy sources. A few years ago, some experts suggested a new possible approach to more efficient use of existing oil and gas resources, so that the final out of the human dependence on fossil fuels. This method is based on methanol, this methanol is also a “methanol economy” basis. U.S. energy expert George? A? Aura in his “Beyond Oil and Gas Age: methanol economy” in his book, said, methanol is the simplest, safest, easiest to store and transport of liquid hydrocarbons. At present, it is almost always prepared from synthesis gas derived from the synthetic gas from fossil fuels, mainly natural gas or coal incomplete combustion; methanol is also available from other biomass such as municipal sewage in preparation. In addition, the preparation of methanol or dimethyl ether may also be changed from the oxidation of methane.

Therefore, methanol as a new energy, “shadow” has now hidden in the energy family. The current problem is, even though the concept of methanol had been made, but for methanol as a fuel, methanol production for a description of the analysis of the prospects for their development, but also few people do. Summarized the results of expert studies, methanol’s “look” can be outlined as follows: First, methanol is a convenient energy storage medium; Second, it is a convenient transportation and distribution of fuels, including used in methanol fuel cell; again, it is a synthesis of hydrocarbons and their products use raw materials, including polymers and single cell protein. Scientists generally believe that the source of carbon may eventually come from the air, the air everywhere on Earth, but the energy required can be obtained from the corresponding energy.

Therefore, the methanol “clean” and “quality” to make it in the near future to become human “pet.” In recent years, human beings are very concerned about the survival of the environment, concerned about climate change, methanol just be able to protect the environment, maintain climate stability, help. Called “methanol economy,” is through the recycling of excess atmospheric carbon dioxide, to reduce human beings to the adverse effects of the Earth’s climate, which can effectively curb the trend of global warming.Looking forward to “methanol economy” became an important assistant energy economy, do not forget another of the “heroic”, that is ethanol. For most people, the methanol and ethanol no difference, and even that can give up alcohol and enhance the development and use of ethanol. In fact, scientists study concluded that methanol and ethanol, although very similar in chemical composition, the former is a carbon alcohol, the latter two carbon alcohol, both of which derive from the fiber, but now mainly synthetic methanol way to produce. In industry, through the hydrolysis of ethylene to ethanol production; in agriculture, prepared by fermentation from. Using fermentation to produce ethanol, is quite energy consuming. Preparation of methanol because they do not rely on agriculture, thus reducing fossil fuel use. In contrast, not only can not substitute for ethanol, methanol, instead of good properties as methanol, will be humans of all ages.

Global perspective, the development of more and more obvious economic advantages of methanol. Select from the resources point of view, through the existing natural gas to produce methanol oxidation does not require pre generated synthesis gas; from the resource conservation point of view, can be used on industrial emissions of carbon dioxide, “hydrogenated” cycle of production of methanol; from the use of future prospects see, methanol and dimethyl ether as a very convenient transportation fuel, can be used in the development of the next generation battery; from the side chain, using methanol as raw material to produce ethylene and propylene, which extended for the synthesis of hydrocarbons and products guaranteed.Methanol economy is the solution of human energy needs of a new way. Right now, the development of methanol economy has to have some conditions; to the long term perspective, the development of methanol economy has “epoch making” strategic significance. Establishing and Implementing the CAS Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry researchers recently stressed that the economy is the solution of methanol as a future energy strategy and methods. The judge, in the near future will certainly be confirmed.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Business | , , , , | Leave a comment

EU Anti-dumping Cases Related Issues Shoes Analysis

Chinese Ambassador to the World Trade Organization on April 20 formally requested the WTO set up expert groups to investigate and rule EU shoe anti dumping measures taken in violation of international trade rules. Day meeting of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body meeting, the Chinese delegation pointed out that the EU’s shoe anti dumping measures, whether procedural or substantive violation of WTO related agreements at all. The author believes that the EU anti dumping measures on China shoes is the essence of trade protectionism, in violation of World Trade Organization agreements, undermine the international free trade order, not only harm China related industries, but also the interests of the EU member states caused by consumers loss of certain benefits.

First, EU shoe anti dumping cases the basic situation of starting from October 2006, the EU began to impose on Chinese leather goods 16.5% anti dumping duties; Chinese shoe exports to Europe, production has been reduced by 20%, resulting in some of China 20,000 workers lose their jobs. October 2008, at the expiry of anti dumping measures in the occasion of the EU regardless of the interests of consumers and the strong opposition from China, but also initiated a review of the final. The European Union on Dec. 22, 2009, announced the decision to extend production to China and Vietnam have imposed punitive tariffs on footwear period of 15 months. The Chinese government on February 4, 2010 the EU’s shoe anti dumping cases to resort to the WTO, the two sides on the case then launched a 60 day bilateral consultations. The two sides on March 31 in view of the recent round of consultations was held unable to find a mutually satisfactory solution, China on April 20 formally requested WTO dispute settlement body set up expert groups to ensure that China’s legitimate rights and interests are protected. Day meeting, the Chinese side requests the EU expressed “regret”, and in accordance with procedures to prevent the establishment of expert groups. As long as China was held in the next month again at the Dispute Settlement Body request to set up an expert group, the group will automatically set up.

Second, the EU anti dumping measures on China shoes procedures and physical analysis of improper
(A) the nature of international trade protectionism. Extend the EU’s unfair anti dumping measures on China shoes, in essence, the post crisis era and its frequent implementation of trade protectionism, China’s continuing policy inertia ??. Of the EU footwear industry has been going on for 14 years of trade protection, at present there is no damage to the EU footwear industry conditions, to extend anti dumping measures the EU footwear industry would not benefit, only harm the interests of related industries in China and EU consumers. November 19, 2009, at the European Commission anti dumping advisory committee, the representatives of EU member states the majority of the facts from an objective, anti dumping measures against the further extension. But the EU eventually succumb to the pressure of trade protectionism, insisting on Chinese made shoes to extend anti dumping measures, indicating the path of trade protectionism, the more lines farther. Breach of international commitments, the EU openly implement its policy of trade protectionism, the Chinese shoes anti dumping investigations and decisions, in violation of WTO rules related to the detriment of the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises, in fact, both the EU member states punish consumers and can harm the EU’s long term political economic and trade relations with China’s healthy development.

(B) in violation of WTO related rules of procedure. EU Trade Commission in violation of anti dumping investigations trade principle of fairness, the Chinese shoe enterprises ignore the evidence submitted, the program obviously inappropriate. European Court of Justice in the Interpretation of anti dumping law Tiaokuan process, is entirely based on the European Union in December 2009 announced the sunset review of China’s ruling shoes, mainly based on field verification of the case the EU does not comply with WTO related rules of procedure. In the case of the review process, of Chinese partner by the EU Trade Commission of unfair treatment, do not get enough right to justify anti dumping charges, the EU ruling, of course also with departure from the principle of equality seriously. The author believes that the reason why the EU to extend anti dumping measures on China shoes, trade protectionism is one of the important reasons which, on the other hand the EU market economy status and application of standard procedures identified a key reason for the confusion is. In fact, in the review process of investigation, exporters, importers, exporters and representatives of the Community producers on the issues raised in the review set, the right of rebuttal or comment by undue restrictions, the Chinese enterprises, relevant enterprises and consumers in the EU interest demands have not been given due attention.The European Union’s decision procedure in another member of its decision not to discuss, simply by a “rubber stamp” approach by not only being a member of the opposition half, has also been related to the European mainland enterprises in China protest . The fundamental reason lies in its decision process is neither fair nor transparent, a serious violation of the WTO principle of fair and transparent.

(C) in violation of WTO rules related entities. According to WTO “Anti Dumping Agreement” requirement, the minimum dumping constitutes a large, serious harm to the domestic industry, dumping and injury, causal relationship between. The EU’s shoe anti dumping measures, in fact, did not have these conditions. Substantial evidence that the fact that there is no dumping, dumping damage is nonsense; there is no reasonable evidence that, within the meaning of the number of dumped imports and the price level and the Community industry within the meaning of the damage to the causal link. China’s Ministry of Commerce, Bureau of Fair Trade related person in charge pointed out that China’s shoe exports up to thousands of companies, mostly private or foreign, in this highly competitive market, companies can not sell below cost product to make their own losses, companies are not granted by the Government from any subsidies. Currently, the European Union good indicators related industries, strong exports, indicating European industry is competitive, there was no need for protection. European industry in global supply chain, and gradually move towards high end market, their products do not directly compete with Chinese products, to continue the anti dumping on China without any solid grounds. In addition, the public interest standard to judge, can not prove the legitimacy of its anti dumping measures and legitimacy.The intervention of the authorities in determining whether the Community interest, it should be all the different interests of the evaluation as a whole. However, the fact that a large number of EU decisions and not take into account the relevant industry organizations, business interests and demands of consumers. Therefore, the anti dumping measures taken since it is not out of the Community interest, there is no justification for anti dumping measures, naturally, against the public interest criteria for judging.

Third, should the laws of EU anti dumping policy
(A) full use of EU legal relief channels. First to make full use of EU law relief channels. “EU Treaty” Article 173 provides: impose anti dumping duties with the parties directly concerned to the European courts for review of the effectiveness of anti dumping order. Chinese shoes enterprises should initiate proceedings to start judicial review, and asked the European court to review the entire case. Recommendations from the European Commission ruled in China related companies and entities in the process perspective of problems in the complaint, pay special attention to defense from a public interest standard. EU anti dumping law clearly required in the implementation of any anti dumping measures should be carried out before the investigating authorities examine the public interest, which is anti dumping duties is a necessary condition. In general, a country in the implementation of anti dumping measures, the most direct loss of public interest is the loss of importers and end users. Therefore, Chinese enterprises should strengthen and importers and end users of multilateral cooperation, to use their native strengths, enhance the overall defense capability in responding.

(B) actively use the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. China should actively make use of WTO dispute settlement mechanism. In view of the EU anti dumping legislation and enforcement measures were not strictly abide by WTO rules, China certainly has the right within the framework of the WTO dispute settlement legislation and this appeal against the ruling. The Chinese government was February 4, 2010 the EU’s shoe anti dumping cases to resort to the WTO; and on April 20 formally requested the WTO to set up expert. The author believes that the focus of our government the next step should be defined as: active use of WTO dispute settlement mechanism, the defense presented evidence of strong reasons to protect the legitimate rights and interests of China’s shoe industry.

(C) strengthen the EU negotiations between the political and economic fields. Recovery process in the global economy, countries in particular to avoid the abuse of trade protection measures, should be sought through dialogue and cooperation and mutual benefit and win win solution. In addition to legal channels, the Chinese government should continue to strengthen bilateral negotiations with the EU side to properly resolve the trade disputes. Negotiations led by the EU’s emphasis on the concerns of China, in good faith to resolve trade disputes, the early resumption of shoes free trade. At present, the EU members for the restoration of normal trade of footwear products relatively strong desire; therefore urge the EU negotiations are expected to respect the facts, listen to public opinion, to immediately stop the anti dumping measures on China shoes.Other hand, China should join other anti dumping victim of the EU improper, not to impose anti dumping measures and objective international political and economic pressure, prompted the EU to give up as soon as possible the discriminatory anti dumping policy towards China.

(D) make good use of China’s anti dumping, countervailing and safeguard measures. International trade protectionism and free trade offsetting the other, to some extent also the international political and economic course of the game between the force of law. Therefore, China should further improve our anti dumping, countervailing and safeguard measures in the legal system and revise the related laws and formulation. Implementing the Anti dumping and countervailing regulations, handle cases with efforts to improve the quality of case handling, better protection of domestic industry. In order to fully play to the anti dumping, countervailing role of legal means, for the domestic industry has made application, allegation of dumping, the domestic industry showed clear signs of the products Sun Hai, be sure to Guiding the time the law placed on file within the Jishi. Further speed up the investigation and adjudication of cases the progress made so that the dumped imports and the domestic industry suffered injury in time be protected by law. Improve the investigation and adjudication of rules, norms handling procedures, adhere to the principle of fair and equitable handling of cases, improve the industrial damage investigation and adjudication of the quality and level. Improve the industrial injury early warning mechanism, analysis, and import and export situation of international competition, the impact on the national economy, judging the industrial safety and scientific index system damage; timely forecasting and warning, to ensure sustained and stable development of related industries.

In summary, the world’s economic development should be oriented towards free trade and trade liberalization, particularly in the context of the financial crisis, any protectionist measures would be on the world economy is recovering and obstacles, should be get rid of. The relevant Chinese government departments, industries and companies, to clearly understand the situation, positive response, strengthen coordination, master the rules of the World Trade Organization, proficient in related domestic trade laws, dare to take up legal arms, protect the state’s overall interests, to protect the security of domestic industries, safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Business, World Trade Organization | , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Polished Diamonds, The New Technology

International Trade and Industry Institute Tohoku Institute of Technology and Application of Diamond developed a rapid low cost diamond polishing technology.Diamond is the hardest known material, and has high thermal conductivity. Therefore, they are not only making jewelry with precious stones, it also has important industrial uses. Since about 50 years ago, the first man made diamonds at high pressure and high temperature conditions created after the synthetic diamond powder has been widely used in the manufacture grinder diamond blade and cutting blade.

About 20 years ago, the Japanese developed a method using Chemical Vapour Deposition of synthetic diamond technology. Through this technology, can produce a few to tens of centimeters square diamond. This diamond coated film can be applied to the surface of ultra precision machining equipment, electronic components, radiators, can increase the performance of mobile telephone two to three times the high frequency SAW filters in the direct sunlight is still visible under the diamond flat panel display and can work at 700 C when the diamond semiconductor. Chemical precipitation of diamond production (or CVD diamond) products will be used in various industrial fields. Therefore, the synthesis of diamond chemical vapor deposition, or CVD diamond, estimated to form a 1 10 trillion yen worth of trades.No fixed form class diamond carbon (DLC) is a less than 0.1 microns thick diamond films with very smooth surface, its application in the lubrication field is developed. And is expected to have many industrial uses of thick CVD diamond film surface is rough. The thicker the film surface becomes rough and uneven film is one third. The CVD product can not be uneven surface, so thick diamond film must be polished.

Like jewelry, like diamonds, industrial diamonds have been polished before sale. As the old saying goes: “to rule Yi Yi.” CVD diamond polishing with diamond polisher needs. However, there is an important problem to solve. Polished relatively softer (hardness of 100 or 110) single crystal to use is very hard (111) diamond powder. In CVD diamond polishing, the polished surface of CVD diamond devices because of the same hardness (111) are subject to the same degree of wear. Here, polished CVD diamond is a very costly process.To avoid this problem, it has developed a method of polishing CVD diamond: with hot metal plate in a vacuum pressure to make diamonds, graphite, making it the surface becomes smooth. However, this method is very difficult, because of the need in a vacuum to operate under high temperature conditions. Diamond can be laser cut, but the cutting edge is still too rough.This application by the Institute and the development of new diamond polished solve all these problems. Titanium alloy plate at room temperature under normal pressure in the diamond to diamond, as smooth as a mirror. Titanium alloy sheet is sintered alloy (TiAlX, X for chromium, manganese, etc.) made. The titanium alloy was synthesized by mechanical alloy.

Synthesis machinery, including steps to join the raw material powder ball for more than 100 hours of grinding machine to form a very fine alloy powder. Then the alloy powder by pulsed discharge sintering and for some time. To form the aluminum into the titanium material, its microstructure is one micron in diameter, composed of micro grains.Synthesis by mechanical alloying into melting into the legal system than with a more refined structure, and the almost non existent gap between components to its degree and the hardness is about twice the casting material. And its intensity increases with temperature increase. Their strength at 600 C. At room temperature, higher than 50%. This feature make it a polished diamond capabilities. CVD diamond and the rough surface grinding of titanium alloy devices in a small range of contacts, the friction heat generated by the temperature can rise to 1000 degrees Celsius.

Grinder were important rife with diamond in titanium has a strong affinity for carbon, so that decomposition of the contact point of the diamond, titanium carbide and titanium form. Titanium carbide rotary mill was removed to form a mirror like polished diamond surface. If the rotating disk made of titanium alloy hardness at high temperatures in the lower, or steel instead of titanium alloy pressure on the diamonds, diamonds rough surface of metal materials can only be filled without achieving its purpose grinding.Titanium alloy mill, a 4X8 mm CVD diamond can be worn in 5 minutes, a mirror smooth. Wear a small grinding machine, so this method than using the diamond grinder cheaper.This photo taken with an optical microscope showed the air and at room temperature titanium alloy grinder grinding a minute a dark part of the CVD diamond surface has not been polished, bright parts have been polished. In the grinding process of ultrasound imaging can be used to avoid film rupture or monitor off.Not only CVD diamond, sintered diamond tools, and single crystal diamond is very easy to use this intermetallic compound made of polished rotary grinder. This approach is expected to be a cheap and high precision diamond machining technology.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | Computers & Technology | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

What Kind of Insurance For Visitors to Canada is Appropriate

It’s no wonder that people want to visit Canada. There are many who travel to there for different reasons. You don’t want to be without insurance if you are in another country.
Canada is a beautiful country. With that being said, you want to go to have a fun time even if you are going there for business. Part of ensuring That this happens is to make sure that you are well prepared for whatever might happen if you are traveling. That is why traveler’s insurance is offered. Here are samples of what kind of insurance for visitors to Canada are needed.

With that being said, you want to go to have a fun time even if you are going there for business. That is why traveler’s insurance is offered. Here are samples of what kind of protection for visitors to Canada health insurance are needed.

The first type that is recommended is to have medical care insurance. Sometimes, insurance that you have at home won’t cover you when you travel abroad. When you have medical insurance and you need medical care, this will ensure that you are taken care of. If you thought that medical care costs a lot in your country, it costs more in other countries. However, it will not cover the ambulance if you are taken by ambulance.

Another type goes along with this as this is coverage for if you are taken in an ambulance or other travel methods when you need medical care as we have just mentioned, the basic medical insurance won’t cover this. It can happen to anyone. It has happened to many. Be sure to have this insurance so you aren’t billed an amazing amount.

Next, be sure that you are covered for medical expenses if you are sent home due to the illness or injury you have sustained. You might laugh or shrug this off saying that it won’t happen to you, yet there are many that this has happened to. Be sure that you aren’t one of them. Planning in part is making sure you are prepared for anything that comes up.

Something else that you should consider is if your items are stolen. How many of us have had that happened when we were on our own soil and so forth? That can happen anywhere. Make sure that it’s not something that you have to cover the cost for and that you aren’t dishing out money to cover. Get the insurance on it. You’ll thank us if something has happened.

Another thing that should be insured against is if the trip gets canceled. The costs you have to pay when you don’t cancel the trip but someone else cancels it for one reason or another can be quite a bit of money. You shouldn’t have to front this money if it’s not your fault. That is why there is insurance for this if this happens.

Last of all, you might have to use a rental car. After all, you have to be able to get around. There is insurance for that. This insurance will cover the costs for those who have an accident or if for some reason the car is damaged. Something else that it will cover is the cost of the car if the car is stolen.

When you have this, you can ensure that you will have a good time. This is only for when you are overseas or in another country. Other than that, you are on your own when you are on your own soil. Make sure you have the coverage that you need. Give yourself a peace of mind. You’ll be happy when or if something happens and you are accurately prepared for it.

May 17, 2010 Posted by | America, Canada, Travel & Tourism, Uncategorized | , , , | Leave a comment